Electronic Library

Editor: Giorgio Buccellati

Assistant Editor: Christine Hoang (2009-2010)

TPR: Preliminary Reports Extensive monographs published after the excavation seasons.
TFR: Final Reports Complete publication of specific finds from different excavation sectors
Articles and monographs Full length interpretive studies
Communications Shorter substantive articles
Newsletters and notices Occasional notices for the general public


AfO 26
1 MB
1978 Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati

"Tall As'hara - Terqa"
Abstract: Not available.
BM 10
1 MB
1979 Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati

"The Evidence of Artifactual Evidence: Early Third Millennium Pottery at Terqa"
Abstract: Third millennium ceramics from Terqa have not been recovered in large quantities anywhere on the site. This is especially true for early third millennium ceramics. The nature of the third millennium stratigraphy excavated so far is an important factor in this since we have uncovered strata associated with the construction of the city walls or immediately inside them, as in Area B. Only in one Operation (MP19) did we excavate in what appears to be early third millennium habitational levels inside but not immediately adjacent to the defensive rings. The most important in terms of amounts of the early third millennium pottery directly associated with the defensive system came from MP13 FT4 and 6 which are related stratigraphically to CW3 ; SG60 levels 1-3 ; SG6 1 levels 10-1 6 ; and SG 1 7 levels 10- 18. The complete description of early third millennium ware and shape types is given in
Asphalt 1982 M. I. Venkatesan
T. W. Linick
H. E. Suess
G. Buccellati

"Asphalt in Carbon-14-dated Arcaheological Samples from Terqa, Syria,"

Nature, 295/5849, pp. 1-3
Abstract: Not Available
Terqa 8
.5 MB
1983 Giorgio Buccellati
Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati

"Terqa: The First Eight Seasons,"

Les Annales Archeologiques Arabes Syriennes.
Abstract: Terqa seemed to be a major urban center from its very inception, rather than having developed slowely through a progressive and organice expansion of the settlement. A possible interpretation is that Terqa was founded as a city by the people of neighboring Qraya, some 5 kms. upstream, where the occupation is well preserved for the fourth millennium but seems to disappear in the third.
5 MB
1984 Stephen Reimer

"Tell Qraya: A Summary of the 1984 Season"
Abstract: Tell Qraya, identified as a Protoliterate site during a reconnaissance survey in 1977 and excavated in four seasons since then, was again excavated in the Fall of 1984.The site is approximately 150 meters in diameter and has about three fourths of its surface occupied by modern houses. It lies on the west bank of the Euphrates river and sits on a rock shelf which has preserved the Tell from erosion by the river.
AAAS 36-37
0.5 MB
1986-1987 Giorgio Buccellati

"On The Distribution of Epigraphic Finds at Terqa"
Abstract: One of the interesting aspects of the epigraphic finds at Terqa is the distribution which they exhibit throughout the site. This phenomenon deserves special attention, particularly when our finds are compared to those of the great archives of other ancient Syrian capitals.
4.3 MB
1988 Giorgio Buccellati

"Kingdom and Period of Khana"
Abstract: For a number of years before the discovery of Mari, the tablets of Khana were the only cuneiform texts from Syria known to Assyriologists. Incremented considerably in number by the ongoing excavations at Terqa, they shed light on an important period of ancient Syrian history, corresponding to the Late Old Babylonian period. But more important than the philological construct conveyed by the Khana tablets is the historical construct of the kingdom of Khana, of which first Mari and then Terqa was the capital. This article outlines the unique and hitherto unrecognized geopolitical configuration of the region of Khana, and it shows why Khana after the fall of Mari did not become a petty local kingdom. Documentation is given for a proposed sequential order of the II kings who ruled Khana in the second quarter of the second millennium B.C., based on stratigraphic and textual considerations. Finally, a case is made for a pattern of urban-rural interaction, that was unique to Khana society within the whole ancient Near East.
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