Electronic Library

Editor: Giorgio Buccellati

Assistant Editor: Christine Hoang (2009-2010)

TPR: Preliminary Reports Extensive monographs published after the excavation seasons.
TFR: Final Reports Complete publication of specific finds from different excavation sectors
Articles and monographs Full length interpretive studies
Communications Shorter substantive articles
Newsletters and notices Occasional notices for the general public

Other articles and monographs

1.5 MB
1977 Giorgio Buccellati
Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati

New Archaeological Harvests from Syria
Abstract: Setting foot in Palmyra, our general time frame was around 2,000 B.C. Our goal was to see if evidence of human occupation for that time period could be found--artifacts such as pottery, burials, or ideally, settlements. Unfortunately, we found none that we can identify from that time frame. However, we did find items that could be dated earlier, back to the Paleolithic and later. Returning about 10 years later, to the city of Mari, just south of Terqa, modern Ashara, we found a plentiful amount of cunieform tablets in the ruins of the ancient palace. From these tablets we gained a great deal of information about Terqa which was, at the time, a province of Mari.
11 MB
1978 Giorgio Buccellati
Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati

"Field Encoding Manual"
Abstract: A goal-directed and efficient management of an archaeological operation is as important as the results of laboratory analysis, statistical computation, cultural elaboration, and so on. Archaeological strategraphic encoding is by necessity tied to the intrinsically ephemral moment of discovery. We must closely monitor the act of recovery in order to properly encode the volatile nature of the stratigraphic record as it is being disentangled. At the same time, monitoring should be sufficiently discrete so as not to become a source of disturbing static.
1980 Stephen Reimer

Near East Archaeological Society Bulletin
Abstract: The Tell, approximately two thirds of which is presently occupied by the modern Syrian village of Ashara, has unequivocally been identified as the Babylonian city of Terqa. Terqa is located some forty miles north of Mari and sixty miles south of the province capital, Deir ez-Zor. Jointly, UCLA and Cal State Los Angeles are in their fifth excavation sequence under the aegis of the Joint Expedition of Terqa, with the cooperation of John Hopkins University, the University of Arizona, and the University of Poitiers. The project directors are Giorgio buccellati and Marylin Kelly-Buccellati. This article examines the excavation seasons of Terqa and gradual expansion of understanding of the biblical world, its life and its practices.
Nature 295
0.5 MB
1982 Giorgio Buccellati

"Asphalt in carbon-14-dated archaeological samples from Terqa, Syria"
Abstract: The presence of fossil fuel compounds in archaeological samples giving ages much higher than expected has long been suspected but never proved by appropriate chemical analysis. An excessively high conventional 14C age was found in an archaeological charcoal sample from Terqa, Syria (S313, Table 1). Its 14C age of 28,700 yr BP was at variance with the archaeological context, and with the 14C age of seveal other samples (such as S283,Table 1) obtained from the same area and expected to date from -3000 BC or younger. The inconsistency can be explained by assuming contamination with geologically old material--either industrial petroleum products or ancient asphalt.
3 MB
1982 Renata M. Liggett

"Ancient Terqa and Its Temple of Ninkarrak: The Excavations of the Fifth and Sixth Seasons,"

Near East Archaeological Society Bulletin
Abstract: In the developments of the past few years at, for instance, Tell Mardikh in northern Syria, a single resource, such as a grammatical element or mention of a foreign ruler, can provide the basis or a clue for a new interpretation of the material. The excavations at Terqa are intended to incorporate all manner of data into a reconstruction of the historical record of the Mid-Euphrates region. This article provides a brief overview of the discoveries, which, applied to the many facets of research surrounding the ancient city of Terqa and its environs, will produce a solid understanding of a particular region at various crucial times in the history of ancient Syria.
1 MB
1983 Giorgio Buccellati

Terqa: An Introduction to the Site
Abstract: This article intends to introduce the reader to ancient Terqa, which is located at the heart of the Middle Euphrates region. The historical background of Terqa is detailed and presented in a timeline and the associated Joint Expidition to Terqa institutions are exhibited.
TFR Intro
1.5 MB
1984 Giorgio Buccellati

An Introduction to the Final Reports"
Abstract: The sorting criteria for the final reports are stratigraphic first and then typological. In the case of the current volume, we deal stratigraphically with a single room (STCA 1, Fig. 1) and one occupational period. The documents presented here are of interest because 1) they are the first sizeable body of evidence coming from regular excavations which can be used for the history of the kingdom of Khana, 2) the texts allow us to set a vast assemblage of material culture found in stratigraphically related contexts in its proper time frame, 3)the personal names are interesting in their continuity and diversification vis-a-vis Mari, 4) there is good evidence for several interesting scribal practices, and 5) the tablets contain the seal impressions, which provide ample documentation for the Khana sphragistic style.
0.5 MB
1986 Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati

"Sealing Practices at Terqa,"

Bibliotheca Mesopotamica: Insight through Images, pp. 133-142.
Abstract: This article will discuss three aspects of Terqa sealing practices during the Khana period: (I) the nature of the evidence, (II) the role of the individuals sealing the documents, and (III) the placement of the sealings on the documents. The last section (IV) brings out the evidence for kinship relations during the Khana period at Terqa on the basis of these documents. It is fitting that the publication of this new, excavated evidence from Terqa is published in honor of Edith Porada since she has dedicated so much of her scholarly activity to integrating new evidence on seals within a framework which she herself contributed immensely to establish and continues to refine.
3.8 MB
1990 Giorgio Buccellati

"The Growth of Nomadism on the Middle Euphrates and the Khabur"
Abstract: Ancient Syria has clearly emerged as a pivital point in the early development of civilization; and the Khabur region is rapidly acquiring unique prominence within these newly opened vistas. The goal of this presentation is to reflect on some of the presuppositions which may help focus more sharply on the data that is being excavated.
8 MB td>
1990 Giorgio Buccellati

"The Rural Landscape of the Ancient Zor: The Terqa Evidence,"

Techniques et Pratiques Hydro-Agricoles Traditionnelles en Domaine Irrigue, pp. 155-169.
Abstract: We conduct concurrent excavations at four sites in the region of Khabur: Terqa and Qraya near the mouth of the Khabur, Ziyadah (or Zeidya), just below the confluence of the feeder brances which form the Khabur triangle, and Mozan near the headqaters of one of the feeder branches. The unique regional interest of the project lies in the fact that the four sites represent related but different cultures, which are conditioned in turn by related yet different geographical settings.
Eblaitica 3
1.2 MB
1992 Giorgio Buccellati

"Ebla and the Amorites"

Eblaitica: Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language, pp. 83-104.
Abstract: The Ebla querelle, if one may so term the sharply divergent opinions which have come to be voiced about the nature of the language and culture of third-millennium Ebla, is happily on the wane. Happily, because little scholarly benefit came from it; and on the wane, because the difficult task of philological documentation is absorbing the better part of the effort being currently expended in this area. While it is not my intent to review here any of the aspects of this affair, I will refer to it at certain junctures, from the following perspective: the internal dynamics of the querelle as a form of scholarly discourse has, in my view, led to a certain crystallization of substantive and methodological presuppositions, which have been at times accepted too soon and too uncritically. The resulting scholarly perception has to be taken into consideration as a sort of mindset which conditions the direction taken by the research, through the assumptions it posits (often tacitly) upstream of any interpretation. In other words, while the querelle may well have subsided, the factors which led to its coming into being are still operative and should be addressed on their scholarly merits.
Ceramics in press Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati
William R. Shelby

"Middle Euphrates Ceramics in the Third and Second Millennia: A View from Terqa."
Abstract: Not Available
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